Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology)

Brief Clinical Note

Diuretics-induced beriberi polyneuropathy: a case report

Daisuke Kuzume, M.D.1), Yusuke Inoue, M.D.1)2), Yuko Morimoto, M.D.1), Takeshi Yoshida, M.D., Ph.D.3), Masahiro Yamasaki, M.D.1) and Nohisa Hosomi, M.D., Ph.D.1)

1) Department of Neurology, Chikamori Hospital
2) Department of General medicine, Chikamori Hospital
3) Department of Rheumatology, Chikamori Hospital

A 56-year-old man with an unbalanced diet who preferred chicken was admitted to the hospital because of heart failure. He was treated with diuretics for heart failure, but muscle weakness in bilateral lower extremities appeared and gradually worsened. He was transferred to our hospital for weakness of bilateral lower extremities. Physical examination revealed mild disturbance of consciousness, pitting edema, weakness of bilateral lower extremities, and areflexia. Based on his current medical history and physical examinations, we considered him to have beriberi neuropathy. Treatment with thiamine rapidly resulted in improvement of his neurological symptoms. His blood vitamin B1 level was 12 ng/ml (normal range 24-66 ng/ml). We diagnosed him with diuretic-induced beriberi neuropathy. Previous reports have shown that diuretic treatment excretes vitamin B1 in the urine. His report represents a case for neurologists to consider to treat with vitamin B1 for beriberi neuropathy when muscle weakness is observed during treatment for heart failure receiving diuretics.
Full Text of this Article in Japanese PDF (314K)

(CLINICA NEUROL, 62: 641|643, 2022)
key words: beriberi neuropathy, heart failure, diuretic

(Received: 16-Mar-22)