Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology)

Case Report

A case of suspected migraine with aura: transient cortical venous dilatation visualized by susceptibility-weighted imaging

Shinichi Wada, M.D., Ph.D.1), Koji Tsuzaki, M.D.1), Hanako Sugiyama, M.D.2), Shoji Kikui, M.D., Ph.D.2), Takao Takeshima, M.D., Ph.D.2) and Toshiaki Hamano, M.D., Ph.D.1)

1) Division of Neurology, Kansai Electric Power Hospital
2) Department of Neurology, Headache Center, Tominaga Hospital

A 41-year-old man was admitted with proper name anomia and headache of sudden onset. He had a history of migraine without aura from the age of 35. Neurological examination on admission showed acalculia, proper name anomia, left-right disorientation and severe left-sided headache with nausea. Susceptibility-weighted MRI revealed dilatation of cortical veins of the left hemisphere. MR angiography and contrast CT revealed no cerebral arterial or venous occlusion. The patient's proper name anomia was improved at 5 hours from the onset and acalculia and left-right disorientation were improved at 17 hours from the onset. At 42 hours from the onset, he had recovered from his headache, and the dilatation of cortical veins of the left hemisphere had disappeared. Acalculia and left and right disorientation are rare presentations of migraine with aura. Susceptibility-weighted imaging may be a useful tool to distinguish migraine with aura from stroke and stroke mimics.
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(CLINICA NEUROL, 61: 482−485, 2021)
key words: aura, migraine, susceptibility-weighted imaging, stroke

(Received: 18-Jan-21)