Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology)

Case Report

A case suspected of Alzheimer type dementia showing multimodal (face and voice) person recognition disorder from face and voice

Kenji Ishihara, M.D.1), Sayaka Kaneko, S.T.2), Nobuyoshi Takahashi, M.D.1) and Toshiomi Asahi, M.D.1)

1) Department of Neurology, Asahi Hospital of Neurology and Rehabilitation
2) Department of Rehabilitation, Asahi Hospital of Neurology and Rehabilitation

A 90-year-old woman presented with a multimodal (face and voice) person recognition disorder. Although she had moderate general cognitive impairment, her visual cognitive capacity, other than face recognition, was well preserved. She could identify the faces and voices of family members but could not recall the names and voices of relatives whom she met infrequently, famous individuals, or the medical staff. She could remember the first names and some information about prominent individuals when supplied with their surnames. Therefore, we thought that her person-specific semantic memory was intact but she was unable to access it through their faces and voices. MRI revealed predominantly right-sided bilateral anterior temporal lobe and hippocampal atrophy. SPECT images showed decreased blood flow in the bilateral anterior temporal lobes and inferior parietal lobule (heavily and predominantly right-sided), right posterior cingulate gyrus, and precuneus. Progressive person recognition disorder or prosopagnosia has been considered a right temporal variant of frontotemporal lobar degeneration because abnormal behaviors and psychiatric symptoms frequently coexist. However, no such symptoms were observed in this case, therefore we suspected dementia of the Alzheimer type.
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(CLINICA NEUROL, 61: 182−187, 2021)
key words: face recognition disorder, person recognition disorder, dementia of Alzheimer type, frontotemporal lobar degeneration, right temporal lobe

(Received: 7-Jul-20)