Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology)


Reperfusion therapy in patients with minor or mild ischemic stroke

Junpei Koge, M.D.1)

1)Division of Neurology, Saiseikai Fukuoka General Hospital

A significant number of patients with minor or mild stroke symptoms on initial presentation subsequently develop neurological deterioration and poor clinical outcomes at hospital discharge. The presence of an underlying large vessel occlusion is a strong predictor of both clinical worsening and poor outcome. Although patients with a low baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) could have been included in some randomized controlled trials, the benefits of the mechanical thrombectomy for patients with a low NIHSS score are unknown. The causes of neurological deterioration in patients with underlying large vessel occlusion are heterogeneous, but include collateral failure, and no straightforward mechanisms are found in the majority of cases. Patients with internal carotid artery occlusion, but with a patent middle cerebral artery (MCA), can occasionally have good collateral circulation and develop only minor or mild stroke. These patients exhibit collateral MCA flow via the circle of Willis despite ipsilateral internal carotid artery occlusion. However, thrombus migration may cause occlusion of collateral MCA flow, leading to dramatic neurological deterioration. Careful observation and detailed assessment are required for the management of these patients. Recent studies have examined the efficacy and optimal timing of thrombolysis or mechanical thrombectomy for patients with minor or mild stroke. Herein, we review the mechanisms of neurological deterioration, and the efficacy of reperfusion therapy, for patients with minor or mild stroke.
Full Text of this Article in Japanese PDF (452K)

(CLINICA NEUROL, 59: 84|92, 2019)
key words: acute ischemic stroke, collateral, neurological deterioration, thrombolysis, thrombectomy

(Received: 26-Nov-18)