Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology)

Original Article

[123I]-Ioflupane SPECT in combination with MIBG myocardial scintigraphy in Parkinson's disease: a case series study

Akane Yamada, M.D.1), Takenobu Murakami, M.D., Ph.D.1)2)3), Yongjin Kang, M.D., Ph.D.4), Yoichiro Iikuni, M.D.1), Akeshi Morimatsu, M.D.1), Akiko Shirata, M.D., Ph.D.1), Hiroshi Ito, M.D., Ph.D.3), Yoshikazu Ugawa, M.D., Ph.D.2) and Kiyomi Yamane, M.D., Ph.D.1)

1)Department of Neurology, Neurological Institute, Ohta-Atami Hospital
2)Department of Neurology, Fukushima Medical University
3)Advanced Clinical Research Center, Fukushima Global Medical Science Center, Fukushima Medical University
4)Department of Radiology, Ohta-Atami Hospital

Metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy is widely accepted as a beneficial tool for differentiating Parkinson's disease (PD) from other Parkinson-related disorders (PRD). In Japan, dopamine transporter (DAT) imaging, which can evaluate presynaptic degeneration of dopamine neurons, has been applied in clinics since 2014. The present study investigated the utility of [123I]-Ioflupane single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) combined with MIBG myocardial scintigraphy for the diagnosis of PD. We performed [123I]-Ioflupane SPECT and MIBG myocardial scintigraphy in 63 PD patients, 8 PRD patients and 1 essential tremor patient, and obtained the specific binding ratio (SBR [cut-off: 4.5]) and the heart-to-mediastinum ratio (H/M [cut-off: 2.2]). In 70% of the PD patients, both parameters were significantly reduced. In 22% of the PD patients, the SBR was smaller than 4.5 with normal H/M, and H/M was less than 2.2 with normal SBR in 5% of all subjects. Either the SBR or H/M was significantly reduced in 97% of the study population. The SBR showed low disease specificity to PD (11%), and the SBR and H/M negatively correlated with disease duration. These findings indicate that [123I]-Ioflupane SPECT combined with MIBG myocardial scintigraphy can improve the detection rate of PD. However, careful interpretation of these results is required because [123I]-Ioflupane SPECT poorly differentiates PD from PRD. Progression of PD may reflect the gradual reduction of isotope accumulation, hence, both [123I]-Ioflupane SPECT and MIBG myocardial scintigraphy should be tested repeatedly even in clinically suspected PD cases showing negative results.
Full Text of this Article in Japanese PDF (461K)

(CLINICA NEUROL, 56: 400|406, 2016)
key words: Parkinson's disease, [123I]-Ioflupane SPECT, MIBG scintigraphy, specific binding ratio, heart-to-mediastinum ratio

(Received: 28-Nov-15)