Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology)

Brief Clinical Note

A case of Behçet disease developing recurrent ischemic stroke with fever and scrotal ulcers

Yuka Koike, M.D.1), Naoko Sakai, M.D.1), Yoshitaka Umeda, M.D.1), Maiko Umeda, M.D.1), Mutsuo Oyake, M.D., Ph.D.1) and Nobuya Fujita, M.D., Ph.D.1)

1)Department of Neurology, Nagaoka Red Cross Hospital

A 30-year-old man, who was diagnosed with Behçet disease at 10 years of age, was hospitalized because of transient right hemiparesis after presenting with high fever and scrotal ulcers. Brain MRI revealed ischemic lesions in the area supplied by the anterior cerebral arteries. Analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) showed pleocytosis and a high interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentration (668 pg/ml). The patient was diagnosed with acute ischemic stroke associated with exacerbation of Behçet disease. After initiation of corticosteroid therapy, his clinical symptoms improved, and the CSF IL-6 concentration decreased. One year later, the patient developed high fever and scrotal ulcers after the onset of transient left upper limb plegia. Brain MRI showed an acute ischemic lesion in the right putamen, and CSF analysis showed an elevated IL-6 concentration (287 pg/ml). Brain CT angiography revealed stenosis of the left anterior cerebral artery and occlusion of the right anterior cerebral artery, which had been well visualized one year previously. Involvement of the intracranial cerebral arteries in Behçet disease is extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of a patient with recurrent symptomatic ischemic stroke associated with high fever and scrotal ulcers, which suggests exacerbation of Behçet disease.
Full Text of this Article in Japanese PDF (490K)

(CLINICA NEUROL, 55: 428|431, 2015)
key words: Behçet disease, recurrent ischemic stroke, high fever, scrotal ulcers, cerebrospinal fluid IL-6 (interleukin-6)

(Received: 14-Nov-14)