Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology)

Brief Clinical Note

A case of pure-sensory-type Guillain-Barré syndrome with galactocerebroside antibody

Shuro Kogawa, M.D.1), Atsushi Nakajima, M.D.1), Syuhei Kobashi, M.D.1), Makoto Samukawa, M.D.2) and Susumu Kusunoki, M.D.2)

1)Department of Internal Medicine, Kohka Public Hospital
2)Department of Neurology, Kinki University Faculty of Medicine

A 67-year-old man noticed paresthesia in both legs in July 2011. Three days later, he was found on a street where he was unable to stand up. On admission, the deep sensation in both legs was severely disturbed, but their muscle strength remained normal. Cranial nerves and autonomic functions were normal. The deep tendon reflexes were diminished in both legs. Magnetic resonance imaging of the spine was normal. Motor nerve conduction studies revealed normal conduction velocity, amplitude, and F-wave latency. However, sensory nerve conduction studies revealed severe reduction of amplitude in the upper and lower extremities. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis showed normal cell counts but elevated protein levels. Screening for glycolipid antibodies showed a selective increase of galactocerebroside (Gal-C) IgG antibody. We diagnosed him with pure-sensory-type Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). We administered intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) for 5 days. After IVIG therapy, his gait disturbance improved slightly but the disturbance of deep sensation remained severe and he was transferred to a rehabilitation ward 53 days after admission. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a case of pure-sensory-type GBS with Gal-C antibody alone. This case suggests a close relationship between Gal-C antibody and sensory nerve disturbance.
Full Text of this Article in Japanese PDF (286K)

(CLINICA NEUROL, 55: 171|173, 2015)
key words: galactocerebroside antibody, Guillain-Barré syndrome, pure sensory type

(Received: 10-Mar-14)