Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology)

Symposium 30

Pathological features of myositis with myositis -specific autoantibodies

Jun Shimizu, M.D., Ph.D.1) and Tsuneyo Mimori, M.D., Ph.D.2)

1)Department of Neurology, University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Medicine
2)Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine

Myositis is a heterogeneous group of systemic autoimmune disorders characterized by inflammation of skeletal muscle. Historically, myositis has been defined using clinical features including muscle weakness, skin disease, internal organ involvement, and an association with cancer in adults. From a clinicopathologic approach, myositis has been classified into pathologically distinct subsets, polymyositis, dermatomyositis(DM), necrotizing autoimmune myositis, amyopathic DM, and non-specific myositis. Although the characteristic pathological changes are believed to be important in pathological mechanisms of each subset of myositis, in clinical practices, the percentages of the patients with typical pathological findings are usually not high. On the other hand, with the recent discovery of new myositis-specific autoantibodies (MSAs), it has been revealed that around 60% of patients with IIMs have been shown to have a anti-myositis-specific autoantibody, including anti-synthetase, anti-Mi-2, anti-MDA5, anti-TIF1 and anti-SRP antibodies. Because of striking association between unique MSAs and distinct clinical phenotypes, these antibodies are thought to be important not only for classifications of IIMs, but also as factors involved in the mechanism underlying their pathogenesis. This review reports recent progress in understanding of pathological features of myositis with MSAs.
Full Text of this Article in Japanese PDF (211K)

(CLINICA NEUROL, 54: 1113|1114, 2014)
key words: myositis, pathological features, myositis-specific autoantibodies

(Received: 24-May-14)