Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology)

Case Report

A pedigree of myotonia congenita with a novel mutation p.F343C of the CLCN1 gene

Yoshitsugu Nakamura, M.D., Ph.D.1), Hidenori Sato, M.D., Ph.D.2), Kensuke Kakiuchi, M.D.1), Yuki Miyano, M.D.2), Takafumi Hosokawa, M.D., Ph.D.1) and Shigeki Arawaka, M.D., Ph.D.1)

1) Department of Internal Medicine IV, Division of Neurology, Osaka Medical and Pharmaceutical University Faculty of Medicine
2) Department of Multiomics, Institute of Well-being, Yamagata University

A Japanese woman experienced slowness of movement in her early teens and difficulty in opening her hands during pregnancy. On admission to our hospital at 42 years of age, she showed grip myotonia with warm-up phenomenon. However, she had neither muscle weakness, muscle atrophy, cold-induced symptomatic worsening nor episodes of transient weakness of the extremities. Needle electromyography of the first dorsal interosseous and anterior tibial muscles demonstrated myotonic discharges. Whole exome sequencing of the patient revealed a heterozygous single-base substitution in the CLCN1 gene (c.1028T>G, p.F343C). The same substitution was identified in affected members of her family (mother and brother) by Sanger sequencing, but not in healthy family members (father and a different brother). We diagnosed myotonia congenita (Thomsen disease) with a novel CLCN1 mutation in this pedigree. This mutation causes a single amino acid substitution in the I-J extracellular loop region of CLCN1. Amino acid changes in the I-J loop region are rare in an autosomal-dominantly inherited form of myotonia congenita. We think that this pedigree is precious to understand the pathogenesis of myotonia congenita.
Full Text of this Article in PDF (1248K)

(CLINICA NEUROL, 64: 344−348, 2024)
key words: myotonia congenita, Thomsen disease, CLCN1 gene, CLC-1 chloride channel, novel mutation

(Received: 26-Sep-23)