Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology)

Case Report

A case of neurogenic pulmonary edema due to left internal carotid artery occlusion

Ryutaro Kimura, M.D.1), Yuki Sakamoto, M.D., Ph.D.1), Junya Aoki, M.D., Ph.D.1), Takehiro Katano, M.D.1), Yasuhiro Nishiyama, M.D., Ph.D.1) and Kazumi Kimura, M.D., Ph.D.1)

1) Department of Neurology, Nippon Medical School Hospital

A 79-year-old woman developed consciousness disturbance, left eye deviation, right hemiplegia and aphasia with hypoxemia. Chest X-ray showed bilateral pulmonary edema. MRI revealed the left internal carotid artery occlusion and entire left middle cerebral artery infarct including insular cortex. We performed mechanical thrombectomy therapy and TICI3 recanalization was obtained. During operation, the respiratory condition deteriorated and the ventilator was started after mechanical thrombectomy therapy. Chest X-ray showed butterfly shadow, which indicated pulmonary edema. Pulmonary edema improved on the 2nd day of onset, and disappeared on the 3rd day. There was no heart diseases such as Takotsubo myocardiopathy, acute cardiac failure and cardiomyopathy on echocardiography and electrocardiography. Therefore, we diagnosed her as having neurogenic pulmonary edema due to cerebral infarction including insular cortex. We consider that left insular cortex infarction was a trigger of neurogenic pulmonary edema. If hypoxemia associated with infarction including the insular cortex, neurogenic pulmonary edema should be considered for medical treatment.
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(CLINICA NEUROL, 61: 29−32, 2021)
key words: neurogenic pulmonary edema, internal carotid artery occlusion, acute, insular cortex

(Received: 7-Jun-20)