Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology)


The prognosis and prognostic factor of Guillain-Barré Syndrome

Yuko Yamagishi, M.D., Ph.D.1) and Susumu Kusunoki, M.D., Ph.D.1)

1)Department of Neurology, Kindai University, Faculty of Medicine

Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) is an acute monophasic immune-mediated neuropathy, generally considered to be of good prognosis. However, 15-20% of GBS patients cannot walk independently at six months from onset. Poor prognostic factors for long-term functional disability included old age, preceding diarrhea, muscle weakness on admission and on day 7 from admission, severe GBS disability score at two weeks from admission and IgG antibody against GD1a/GD1b ganglioside complex. Factors related with requirement of mechanical ventilation included the time from onset to admission <7 days, muscle weakness on admission, facial and/or bulbar weakness and IgG antibody against GQ1b. Recently modified Erasmus GBS outcome score (mEGOS) and Erasmus GBS respiratory insufficiency score (EGRIS) were reported as prognostic factors for the long-term functional disability and respiratory insufficiency. Those were designed on Dutch patients. The usefulness of these tools in Japan or other countries remained unknown. The authors validated mEGOS and EGRIS on Japanese GBS patients in Japanese GBS outcome study, which revealed that these tools were also adaptable on Japanese GBS patients. To identify clinical and biological factors of GBS in more detail, such a large scale prospective study as International GBS outcome study (IGOS) is warranted.
Full Text of this Article in Japanese PDF (481K)

(CLINICA NEUROL, 60: 247|252, 2020)
key words: Guillain-Barré Syndrome, prognosis, prognostic factor, modified Erasmus GBS outcome score, Erasmus GBS respiratory insufficiency score

(Received: 29-Nov-19)