Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology)

Brief Clinical Note

Rapidly deteriorated lobar intracerebral hemorrhages:possible association of varicella zoster virus-vasculopathy

Jun Takeshita, M.D.1), Eiichi Nomura, M.D., Ph.D.1), Makoto Takemaru, M.D.1), Takahiro Himeno, M.D.1), Yutaka Shimoe, M.D., Ph.D.1) and Masaru Kuriyama, M.D., Ph.D.1)

1)Department of Neurology, Brain Attack Center, Ota Memorial Hospital

A 75-year-old man having dementia and lifestyle related diseases developed a lobar intracerebral hemorrhage (LICH) in the left parietal and a small cerebellar infarction in the left occipital lobe. Many micro bleeds (MB) due to cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) in the subcortical areas and multiple vascular stenosis were also found by MRI and MRA. He developed herpes zoster in his buttocks on day 6 of hospitalization and complicated with varicella zoster virus (VZV) meningitis with positive for VZV-DNA in the cerebrospinal fluid. Subsequently, LICHs occurred in the left frontal lobe and in the right parietal lobe for a short period of time and died on the day 18. We speculated that the repeating hemorrhages was primarily caused by VZV vasculopathy and additionally the subcortical MBs increased the hemorrhagic risk. The relationship between VZV vasculopathy and CAA should be studied in the future.
Full Text of this Article in PDF (500K)

(CLINICA NEUROL, 58: 245|248, 2018)
key words: varicella zoster virus vasculopathy, cerebral amyloid angiopathy, lobar intracerebral hemorrhage, hemorrhagic risk, atherosclerosis

(Received: 24-Jan-18)