Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology)

Case Report

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2 caused by homozygous MME gene mutation superimposed by chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy

Miwako Fujisawa, M.D.1)2), Yasuteru Sano, M.D.1), Masatoshi Omoto, M.D.1), Jyun-ichi Ogasawara, M.D.1), Michiaki Koga, M.D.1), Hiroshi Takashima, M.D.3) and Takashi Kanda, M.D.1)

1)Department of Neurology and Clinical Neuroscience, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medical Science
2)Department of Neurology, Yamaguchi Prefectural Grand Medical Center
3)Department of Neurology and Geriatrics Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences

We report a 59-year-old Japanese male who developed gradually worsening weakness and numbness of distal four extremities since age 50. His parents were first cousins, and blood and cerebral spinal examinations were unremarkable. Homozygous mutation of MME gene was detected and thus he was diagnosed as autosomal-recessive Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease 2T (AR-CMT2T); however, electrophysiological examinations revealed scattered demyelinative changes including elongated terminal latency in several peripheral nerve trunks. Sural nerve biopsy showed endoneurial edema and a lot of thinly myelinated nerve fibers with uneven distribution of remnant myelinated fibers within and between fascicles. Immunoglobulin treatment was initiated considering the possibility of superimposed inflammation and demyelination, and iMMEdiate clinical as well as electrophysiological improvements were noted. Our findings indicate that AR-CMT2T caused by MME mutation predisposes to a superimposed inflammatory demyelinating neuropathy. This is the first report which documented the co-existence of CMT2 and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP); however, in the peripheral nervous system, neprilysin, a product of MME gene, is more abundant in myelin sheath than in axonal component. The fragility of myelin sheath due to mutated neprilysin may trigger the detrimental immune response against peripheral myelin in this patient.
Full Text of this Article in Japanese PDF (809K)

(CLINICA NEUROL, 57: 515|520, 2017)
key words: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, MME mutation, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy

(Received: 22-Mar-17)