Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology)

Brief Clinical Note

Case of Takayasu arteritis accompanying hypertrophic pachymeningitis

Shohei Nishikawa, M.D.1), Norihiko Kawaguchi, M.D.1) and Juichi Fujimori, M.D.1)

1)Department of Neurology, Tohoku Pharmaceutical University Hospital

A 71-year-old woman was referred to our department for evaluation of a right temporal headache. She had been diagnosed with Takayasu arteritis in her twenties but did not receive steroid therapy. A brain MRI scan detected thickened dura mater with abnormal enhancement on the right cerebral hemisphere. She was diagnosed with hypertrophic pachymeningitis, but she refused to be treated with steroids. Three months later, she noticed periorbital pain and blurred vision in her left eye, although the right temporal headache was reduced. A brain MRI scan detected thickened dura mater with abnormal enhancement on the left cerebral hemisphere adjacent to the left orbit and a swelled left superior rectus muscle with abnormal enhancement. However, the MRI results also showed that the thickening of the dura mater on the right cerebral hemisphere had improved. The new symptoms and the abnormalities revealed with imaging were resolved following steroid therapy. Takayasu arteritis mainly affects the large vessels, but can involve small and systemic vessels. This case presents a rare but possible link between hypertrophic pachymeningitis and Takayasu arteritis.
Full Text of this Article in Japanese PDF (402K)

(CLINICA NEUROL, 55: 940|942, 2015)
key words: hypertrophic pachymeningitis, Takayasu arteritis, aortitis, large vessel vasculitis

(Received: 1-May-15)