Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology)

Brief Clinical Note

Endogenous endophthalmitis and meningo-encephalitis in septic bacteremia of Klebsiella pneumoniae

Masahiko Ohta, M.D.1), Yukihiro Yoneda, M.D.1), Mihori Kita, M.D.2), Keiji Ichikawa, M.D.1) and Yasufumi Kageyama, M.D.1)

1)Division of Neurology, Hyogo Prefectural Amagasaki Hospital
2)Division of Ophthalmology, Hyogo Prefectural Amagasaki Hospital

Endogenous endophthalmitis may be a rare condition in acute meningo-encephalitis. A 69-year-old compromised adult abruptly developed septic bacteremia and meningo-encephalitis by Klebsiella pneumoniae. After an improvement from initial conscious disturbance and systemic inflammatory unstable vital conditions by treatment of intensive anti-biotic medications, severe unilateral endogenous endophthalmitis with impaired visual acuity was diagnosed by detailed ophthalmological assessments and it deteriorated rapidly. After early vitreous surgery with anti-biotic direct injection, the patient successfully regained visual acuity of 20/200. Among the organisms of endogenous bacterial endophthalmitis, Klebsiella pneumoniae is the worst pathogen mostly resulting in vision loss or enucleation despite any aggressive treatments. The neuro-physicians should recognize the presence of refractory endophthalmitis by Klebsiella pneumoniae, even if clinically asymptomatic, because prompt ophthalmologic diagnosis and managements may improve the outcome.
Full Text of this Article in Japanese PDF (1632K)

(CLINICA NEUROL, 53: 37|40, 2013)
key words: encephalitis, endophthalmitis, Klebsiella, meningitis

(Received: 14-May-12)