Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology)

Brief Clinical Note

Recurrent multiple cranial nerve palsy in a gravida with type 1 diabetes, that remitted after delivery and with steroid therapy

Akihiro Shindo, M.D.1), Akira Taniguchi, M.D.1), Chisako Nakano, M.D.1), Ryogen Sasaki, M.D.1), Takashi Sugiyama, M.D.2) and Shigeki Kuzuhara, M.D.1)3)

1)Department of Neurology, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine
2)Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine
3)National Center Hospital of Neurology and Psychiatry

We report a rare case of multiple cranial nerve palsy associated with pregnancy, the cause of which remained to be clarified despite of extensive inspections. A 28-year-old woman with type 1 diabetes on insulin therapy developed left oculomotor nerve palsy in the fourth month of pregnancy. Her symptoms improved after one month's administration of vitamins B1 and B12. Numbness appeared in the left side of the face in the 8th month of pregnancy, and then moved to the right side in two weeks. Dysarthria and dysphagia occurred one month later. Bulbar symptoms were worsened, and she became unable to eat or drink. Neurological examination revealed disturbance of sensation in the right side of the face, soft palate paresis, and bilateral atrophy and fasciculation of the tongue. Extensive laboratory examinations including immunological and endocrinological studies, cerebrospinal fluid examination and brain magnetic resonance imaging were unremarkable. These symptoms remitted spontaneously after delivery, and the methylprednisolone pulse therapy accelerated the improvement. Neurological examination done one year after delivery showed complete recovery of the symptoms except for persistent tongue atrophy.
Full Text of this Article in Japanese PDF (402K)

(CLINICA NEUROL, 48: 579|582, 2008)
key words: multiple cranial nerve palsy, delivery, diabetes mellitus, methylprednisolone pulse therapy

(Received: 10-Jan-08)