Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology)

Case Report

A case of the unilateral alteration due to hypertensive encephalopathy

Maki Saito, M.D., Masahiko Takano, M.D. and Hiroyuki Tabe, M.D.

Department of Neurology, Niigata Prefectural Central Hospital

We report a patient of a 20-year-old woman of Takayasu's arteritis and hypertensive encephalopathy. The symptoms started with headache and vomiting following status epilepticus. On arrival at the emergency room in our hospital, fever was apparent and cerebrospinal fluid examination revealed pleocytosis. After the admission, the patient presented with hypertension, decreased right brachial pulse and the difference between bilateral brachial arterial blood pressures on examination. There had been no history of arterial hypertension. The MR angiography revealed stenoses of the bilateral cervical, especially right cervical, right middle cerebral and left renal arteries. Brain MRI showed transient hyperintense lesions of the left fronto-parieto-occipital cortices and subcortical white matter in FLAIR and diffusion weighted images. These alterations suggested the presence of reversible vasogenic edema induced by hypertensive encephalopathy. We need to be aware of young patients with convulsion, especially young women, who has arterial hypertension as well as the difference with blood pressures between extremities.
Full Text of this Article in Japanese PDF (606K)

(CLINICA NEUROL, 48: 25|29, 2008)
key words: Takayasu's arteritis, hypertensive encephalopathy, unilateral, vasogenic edema, epileptic seizure

(Received: 13-Dec-06)